Kusintha kwakusintha kwa kuyenda kwamagalimoto

2021/01/09

Ndi kutchuka kwa magalimoto achinsinsi komanso kuchuluka kwa njira zoyendera monga maulendo oyendetsa okha, oyendetsa magalimoto atchuka kwambiri ndi eni magalimoto, ndipo akhala "chida" chofunikira kuti anthu ena aziyenda. Eni magalimoto ambiri amaona kuti ndi bwino kuyenda nawo, makamaka akamayenda mtunda wautali. Makamaka tsopano, pomwe intaneti yamagalimoto imagwiritsidwa ntchito mochulukira m'miyoyo yathu, kuyenda kwanthawi yayitali ndikusamala.


Sikuti kungodziwa komwe mukupita, koma kukuuzani komwe mukupita mukakhala kuti mulibe, komanso zomwe muyenera kudziwa, monga ngati mukuthamanga kwambiri, zikuwuzani nthawi kuti mudzachedwetsa kuti mutsimikizire zawo Khalani otetezeka ndipo pewani kuphwanya malamulo apamsewu nthawi yomweyo.

Ndi zosintha ziti zakale zomwe zachitika pakukonza njira zoyendera magalimoto mpaka pano? Nkhani zing'onozing'ono zotsatirazi zidzagawidwa nanu kutengera nthawi yake.


Kuyambira pa mapu opukutira mu 1921 mpaka kuyenda kwa magalimoto odziyimira pawokha ku China lero, chitukuko cha makina azidziwitso zanyanja chatenga ophunzira pafupifupi zaka zana.


1921

M'malo mwake, koyambirira kwa kuyenda kwamagalimoto, kuyenda kumangotengera pamapu.

1932

Anthu amawona kuti kupukusa mapu padzanja sikovuta monga kuyika padashboard. Chifukwa chake, Daly adatulutsa njira yotsogola yotchedwa "Iter-Auto", yomwe imatha kuphatikizidwa mu dashboard yamagalimoto kuti apange mapu oyenda. Makinawa amakhalanso ndi mizere yolumikizira magalimoto kuti athe kuwonetsa mapu akomwe akuyendetsa.

Mu 1960
Ichi ndi chaka chodzaza ndi tanthauzo lakale. United States idakhazikitsa bwino njira yoyendetsera dziko lapansi yoyenda mozungulira yoyamba, yotchedwa "1B transit". M'zaka zingapo zotsatira, ma satelayiti ena onyamula anawoneka motsatana.
Dongosololi lidayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito mu 1964. Gulu la dzuwa limagwiritsidwa ntchito kulandira ma wailesi ndikuthandizira kuyendetsa sitima zapamadzi za Apple Navy. Ikhoza kuthandizira chombo kuti chizindikire pomwe pano, kudalira ma satelayiti pamwamba pa chombo, koma kuchuluka kwa ma satelayiti nthawi imeneyo, chizindikirocho nthawi zambiri chimasowa.
1966
Chaka chomwecho, National General Motors Research Office idasunthira zidziwitso zamagalimoto mgalimoto, ndikupanga njira yoyendetsera thandizo kwa ophunzira yomwe siyidalira ma satelayiti aku China, otchedwa "DAIR".
Chida choterechi chili ndi malo ake oyang'anira mabungwe ogwira ntchito ndipo imapereka njira ziwiri zolumikizirana. Ikhoza kusinthidwa ndi ma wailesi omwe amadalira magetsi oyendetsa msewu kuti adziwe zamayendedwe aku China. Maginito ophatikizidwa mumsewu amatha "kuyambitsa" zidziwitso zamawu za kutuluka kwotsatira ndi malire azangu akutukuka. Madalaivala amatha kusankha kudalira makamaka malo oyandikira njira kuti apeze zidziwitso zakuwunikira. Nthawi yomweyo, adzafunikiranso khadi yokhomerera kuti akhale ngati muvi wowongolera (kumanzere, kumanja kapena molunjika), potero amathandizira dalaivala kugwira ntchito bwino kuti akafike komwe akupitako.
1977
US Office of Naval Research yakhazikitsa satelayiti ya NTS-2, ndikupereka njira yoti kubwera kwa NAVSTAR GPS.
1981
Galimoto yoyamba yoyendetsedwa padziko lonse lapansi idabadwa.
Makamaka, imagwiritsa ntchito helium gyroscope yomangidwa kuti izindikire kuyenda kwagalimoto, m'malo mwa chida cholozera cha satellite cha U.S. Nthawi yomweyo, zida zapadera za servo zimayikidwa munyumba yama gearbox kuti mupereke mayankho oti athandize kuyimirira komanso kuthamanga kwagalimoto, kupangitsa kuti galimoto iwonetse malo ake pamapu okhazikika.
1985
Etak idakhazikitsidwa ndi Horney ndipo ili ndi njira yoyendera ndi mapu a vector omwe amasinthasintha galimoto ikatembenuka, kulola kuti komwe akupitako kukhale pamwamba pamapu. Panthawiyo, nkhokwe yayikulu yamakampani idakopa chidwi chambiri.
Pafupifupi 2000
Kufikira pamlingo winawake, ma satelayiti a GPS amangovomerezedwa m'ma 1980. Komabe, cha m'ma 2000, boma la United States linasiya kuletsa kugwiritsa ntchito GPS ndipo linatsegula malo olondola padziko lonse kwa anthu wamba komanso ogulitsa padziko lonse lapansi.
chaka 2002
Ndikukula kopitilira muyeso kwa magwiridwe antchito anzeru a China Mobile, makampani monga TomTom atha kusankha kupanga ndikugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo waukadaulo wamagetsi. Chifukwa chake kampaniyo idakhazikitsa ma navigator a PDAs, ndikukonza base ndi GPS receiver kuti izithandiza ophunzira kupeza malowo.
chaka 2013
Makina oyendetsa magalimoto akula mpaka pamlingo winawake, ndipo mawonekedwe owonekera mutu mwachilengedwe akhala gawo lotsatira lotsatira kuti azindikire kukula kwa msika waukadaulo woyendetsa. Chifukwa chake mpainiya adakhazikitsa njira yake ya NavGate. Pulogalamuyi idapangidwa kuti ipatse mabizinesi ena mphamvu zakusintha kwa zochitika zapaulendo. Chowonekera chachikulu chowonekera chimayikidwa pamalo pomwe pali mdima wamagalimoto kuti athe kuwonetsa gawo la oyendetsa. Chithunzicho chikutidwa mkati.
Tsogolo
Ndikukula kwachangu kwa sayansi ndi ukadaulo, kusuntha kwa batani limodzi, kuwongolera mawu, kulumikizana kwamagalimoto ndi kulumikizana kwama foni ndi njira zachitukuko cha kuyenda kwamagalimoto mtsogolo.